17 Mar 2019

Top 20 Astronomical events of 2019

Top 20 Astronomical events of 2019


Astronomy is very big and intresting topic to know about. Everyday we try to know more and more about this big Universe. And sometime we find something weird, like a star older than the Universe (HD 140283 star). And sometime we find planets like PSR B1620-26b which is really weird and some planets which could be habitable like Earth.

Apart from its weirdness it also looks very beautiful that we realises every night. And it looks more and more beautiful when some astronomy event occurs, like Meteor shower, Blue Moon, March Equinox, and many more.

So, here we will know about such astronomy events that will happen in 2019......

1. Quadrantids Meteor shower (3,4 January 2019)

The Quadrantids is an average shower, with a rate of up to 40 meteors per hour when it is at its peak. It is going to produced by dust grains left behind by an extinct comet known as 2003 EH1. This shower runs 1-5 January annually. It will be on its peak this year on night of 3rd and morning of the 4th January. Best viewing will be from dark location after mid night and can be appear anywhere in the sky.

2.Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter (Jan 22, 2019)

A conjunction of Venus and Jupiter will be visible on January 22 in early morning. This impressive sight of two bright planets will be visible in the east just before the sunrise.

3.Supermoon,Full Moon (February 19, 2019)

On February 19, it will be occasion of Full moon as well as Big Moon. Supermoon because on this day the moon will be at its closest approach to the earth and may look slightly brighter and larger than usual. Supermoon will also occur on January 22 and March 21.  And the phase of full moon will occur at 15:53 UTC.


4.March Equinox (March 20, 2019)

The March Equinox will occur at 21:58 UTC. In this event sun will shine on equator directly and there will be nearly equal amounts of day and night throughout the world. This is also the first day of spring in Northern hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.

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5. Lyrids Meteor Shower (22,23 April, 2019)

The Lyrids is an average shower, which usually producing about 20 meteors per hour when it is its peak. This shower is produced by dust particles left behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher. This shower runs annually between April 16-25. This year it will be on peak in the night of the 22nd  and morning of 23rd  April. It will be visible in dark midnight everywhere but will be distributed little much by the waning gibbous moon.

6. Eta Aquarids Meteor Shower (6,7 May, 2019)

The Eta Aquarids is an above average shower, which is capable in producing up to 60 Meteors per hour. Its more of the activity is seen in southern hemisphere and in Northern hemisphere the rate reaches up to 30 meteors per hour . This shower is produced by dust particles left behind by comet Halley, which is known and absorbed since ancient times.  This shower occurs annually from April 19 to may 28. On the night of May 6 and morning of May 7 it will be on its peak this year.

7. June Solstice (June 21, 2019)

In this event  North pole of the earth will be tilted towards the sun, which will reach its northernmost position in the sky and will directly over the tropic of cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude. The June Solstice will occur at 15:54 UTC. This is the first day of summer in Northern hemisphere and first day of winter in southern hemisphere.

8. Total Solar Eclipse (July 2, 2019)

Total Solar Eclipse
A total Solar Eclipse occurs when moon completely blocks the sun and reveals the beauty of Sun's outer atmosphere known as corona. Its beauty of totality will be visible in parts of southern Pacific ocean, central Chile, and central Argentina. And partial eclipse will be visible in most part of the southern pacific ocean and Western South America.

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9. Delta Aquarids Meteor Shower (28,29 July, 2019)

The delta Aquarids is an average shower that can produce  up to 20 meteor per hour when it is at its peak. This shower is produced by debris left behind by comet Marsden and Kracht. This Shower runs annually from 12 July to 23 August. This year it will be on peak on the night of July 28 and on morning of July 29 but the moon will create very much difficulty this year. 

10. Perseids Meteor Shower (12,13 August, 2019)

The Perseids shower is one of the best shower to observe which produces up to 60 meteor per hour and is famous for producing large number of bright meteors. This shower is produced by comet Swift-Tuttle. This shower shows annually from July 17 to August 24 and this year it is on peak at the night of August 12 and morning of August 13. But it will be mostly blocked out by full moon this year but could be still a good show.

11. September Equinox (September 23, 2019)

September Equinox occurs at 07:50 UTC. The sun will shine directly on equator and there will be equal amounts of day and night throughout the world. This is also the first day of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Northern  and the first day of spring in southern hemisphere.


12. Draconids Meteor Shower (October 8, 2019)

The Draconids is a minor shower which produces only about 10 meteors per hour. This Meteor shower is producer by dust grains left behind by the comet 21P Giacobini-Zinner. Annually this shower is shown from October 6-10 and this year it will be on peak in the night of 8th October. Best viewing of this shower is in the early evening instead of early morning than others.

13. Mercury at Greatest Eastern Elongation (October 20, 2019)

On October 20, the planet Mercury reaches greatest eastern elongation of 24.6 degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury since it will be at its highest point above horizon in the evening sky. You can look for this planet low in the western sky just after sunset.

14. Rare Transit of Mercury Across the Sun (November 11, 2019)

On November 11, Mercury will be directly between the Earth and the Sun. If you want to see this rare event which happens only once in few year then you will see it only from telescopes. And this event is not going to happen until 2039. Best place to view this event is eastern United State, Central America, and Southern America.

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15. Leonids Meteor Shower (17,18 November 2019)

The Leonids shower is an average shower, which produces up to 15 meteors per hour when at its peak. This shower is unique because it has a cyclonic peak which comes about after every 33 years where hundred of meteors per hour can be seen. The last cyclonic shower was occur in 2001. The Leonids shower is produced by dust grains left behind by comet Tempel- Turtle. This shower runs annually between 6-30 November. And will be on peak this year an the night of 17th and morning of 18th. Meteors will radiate from constellation Leo and will be see  in the sky.

16. Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter(November 24, 2019)

On the evening of 24th November in the western sky after sunset  the conjunction of two bright planets Venus and Jupiter will be visible. This conjunction will be visible within 1.4 degree of each other in the evening sky.

17. Geminids Meteor Shower (13,14 December 2019)

Geminids Meteor Shower
The Geminids is the king of meteor showers and considered by many to be the best  shower in the haven, this is because it produces up to 120 multicolored meteors per hour at its peak. This shower is produced by debris left behind by an asteroid known as 3200 Phaethon, which runs annually from December 7-17, and this year will at peak on night of 13th and morning of 14th. Unfortunately this year this beautiful shower will be blocked by the moon but will be still good show.

18. December Solstice ( November 22, 2019)

On December Solstice the south pole of Earth will be tilted towards the sun and the earth will be reached its southern most point in the sky and the sun will be directly over the tropic of Capricorn at 23.44 degrees south latitude at 04:19 UTC. This is the first day of winter in Northern hemisphere and first day of summer in southern hemisphere.

19. Annual solar Eclipse (December 26, 2019)

On December 26, an annual solar Eclipse is going to occur when Moon will be too far away from the Earth to completely cover the sun. Even the sun's corona will not be visible during this eclipse.  The path of the eclipse will start in Saudi Arabia and will move east towards southern India, northern Sri Lanka, part of Indian ocean and Indonesia.

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