5 May 2019

The String Theory!

The string theory

General theory of relativity is one of the most important and useful theory for humans, but the paradox is that the great theory fails to tell us the reason of gravitational force between very small particles (electron, protons, etc).

And because of this reason, scientists tried to construct a new theory which is valid for quantum particles and hence they named it "Quantum field theory".

This was a quiet successful theory for all the quantum particles but here again same paradox introduced; this theory was not valid for large objects like planets, stars, moons, etc.

Hence scientists concluded that ,for understanding this universe we have to use two different theories at different places as general relativity that is useful for large objects and quantum field theory which is useful for quantum particles.

Now the question arises, why we need two different theories to understand this universe?

For answering this, physicists develop an idea about a theoretical framework in which the point like particles which we have studied under the classical physics that are replaced by a unidimesional objects termed as strings. And this was the story of the  birth of the string theory.
This theory is special because it talks about multiple dimensions, universe before big bang and quantum gravity.

After the study of interaction between particles, scientists concluded that there are four fundamental forces exist in nature; gravitational force, electromagnetic force, weak and strong nuclear force.

Gravitational force is the weakest among all and strong nuclear force is the strongest among  all. We are understanding the force of strong nuclear force we can take the example of helium atom in which 2 positively charged proton is attracted by strong nuclear force.

For understanding full concept of string theory, let's explore standard model of particle physics. According to standard model of particle physics, all the forces are carries by 12 basic building blocks, 6 of them are quarks and named as up, down, top, bottom, charm and strange.
Other 6 are leptons and they are named as electron, muon, tou and other three are neutrino of these leptons.

After all the calculations, scientists found the reason of three forces on quantum level but they are not able to find even the existence of gravitational force on quantum level. This means we need a theory which can explain the concept of quantum gravity and string theory is the only one, that describes, how these strings propagate through space and interact with each other.
According to string theory inside a proton there is quarks and inside quarks some energy must be present which vibrate all the time and takes a shape of strings but it does not mean that strings are always  in a closed structure, they may be present in the form of straight line but the important is, that they vibrates all the time.

String theory says that, the vibration of the strings decides the physical and chemical state of the body,From the view of string theory, everything in this universe is made up of strings and the vibrations of strings decides the existence of each and everybody.

The positive point for string theory is, that it explains the existence of the quantum gravity and it also explains the reason of big bang. In string theory one of the many vibrational states of string explain the existence of a quantum particle known as graviton which is responsible for quantum gravity and this is the reason why string theory is known as thetheory of quantum gravity.

String theory also have some demerits like after all the calculations string theory predict that there must be minimum 10 dimensions around us where one of them is time and if these dimensions didn't exist then string theory didn't work because string theory only work under the universe which have minimum 10 dimensions and reality is existence till now.

String theory predict an omniverse where more than one universe exist with the existence of different timelines as compare to others. Simply we can say that string theory works under multiverse and not under universe.

String theory is totally based on hypothesis and mathematical calculations hence scientists predict that our thinking also effect the strings to interact with each other. According to a predictions, everything we think in our daily life or we can think in our life is must happening in some universe of multiverse because string interactions makes it possible in different universe in different timelines.

This theory is not the most acceptable theory amongst all but still many scientists believe that this theory can answer all of our questions in future.


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3 comments:

  1. Foundation of Armenian Theory of Special Relativity by Pictures, Sep 5, 2016
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    https://www.academia.edu/28248080/Foundation_ATR_ENG
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    In this book we showed that the «Armenian Theory of Special Relativity» is full of fine and difficult ideas to understand, which in many cases seems to conflict with our everyday experiences and legacy conceptions. This new crash course book is the simplified version for broad audiences. This book is not just generalizing transformation equations and all relativistic formulas; It is also without limitations and uses a pure mathematical approach to bring forth new revolutionary ideas in the theory of relativity. It also paves the way to build general theory of relativity and finally for the construction of the unified field theory – the ultimate dream of every truth seeking physicist.
    Armenian Theory of Relativity is such a mathematically solid and perfect theory that it cannot be wrong. Therefore, our derived transformation equations and all relativistic formulas have the potential to not just replace legacy relativity formulas, but also rewrite all modern physics. Lorentz transformation equations and other relativistic formulas is a very special case of the Armenian Theory of Relativity when we put s = 0 and g = -1 .
    The proofs in this book are very brief, therefore with just a little effort, the readers themselves can prove all the provided formulas in detail. You can find the more detailed proofs of the formulas in our main research book «Armenian Theory of Special Relativity», published in Armenia of June 2013.
    In this visual book, you will set your eyes on many new and beautiful formulas which the world has never seen before, especially the crown jewel of the Armenian Theory of Relativity - Armenian energy and Armenian momentum formulas, which can change the future of the human species.
    The time has come to reincarnate the ether as a universal reference medium which does not contradict relativity theory. Our theory explains all these facts and peacefully brings together followers of absolute ether theory, relativistic ether theory and dark matter theory. We just need to mention that the absolute ether medium has a very complex geometric character, which has never been seen before.

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  2. Armenian Theory of Relativity Articles
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    https://www.academia.edu/21455605/Armenian_Theory_of_Relativity_Articles
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    Dear Readers, in this book you will find an alternative theory of relativity, that we have rightfully named Armenian Theory of Relativity, which is a mathematically solid theory and in it you will find new transformation equations and amazing formulas that the World has never seen before. That’s the reason why we think our new theory deserves to have its own special name.
    In this book we have presented our articles in chronological order, but you can read them in any order you wish.
    We have received a generous offer from LAMBERT Academic Publishing (LAP), who informed us that this particular topic could be of interest to a wider audience and LAP would be glad to consider publishing it, if we compile our articles in a book form.
    That is exactly what we have done here, by collecting articles written only in English, between the years 2007 - 2014.
    However, the original research was done in Armenian and published by Yerevan State University in Armenia, June 2013.
    Meanwhile in English we have written several articles explaining and uncovering different crucial aspects of the Armenian Theory of Relativity. For example, you can see that our new theory does not conflict with the legacy theory of relativity, which is a very special case in the Armenian Theory of Relativity.
    We like to mention here only one very important aspect of our theory and that is the theoretical foundation of infinite free energy. Without doubt, this is of absolute importance to every country that wishes to free itself from the disastrous consequences of using fossil fuels, which is imperative for the existence and future of mankind.
    We hope, you already know that the legacy theory of relativity unleashed the rest particle energy, which became the theoretical foundation of nuclear power. The Armenian Theory of Relativity unleashes the rest particle momentum-energy which becomes as a clean-free energy source - universally available everywhere and anytime.
    This book just might give your mind the creative spark that it has been yearning for so long.
    Maybe you know that there is something wrong with theoretical physics which has halted after 1928.
    You might have felt it your entire life, you don’t know what it is and you can’t explain it, but it’s there, like a splinter in your mind driving you mad.
    If you are ready, then this is your chance to wake up. You can either discard this new theory and believe in the old one, which has led us to a dead end path, or follow us to uncharted territory in theoretical physics and enjoy the beauty of precise mathematical truth, where the possibilities are endless.
    If you see the same ideas or almost the same formulas in different places repeated in this book, try to remember that this is just a collection of our different articles about the same subject and I hope the repetition does not effect your intellectual judgment.
    Also please don’t hesitate to communicate with me.

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  3. This is such poor English it's unreadable

    ReplyDelete